Amphibian Fauna of Taiwan

Hoplobatrachus rugulosus

Common Names

虎皮蛙 (Chinese)

Languages: English


Diagnostic Description

A large powerfully robust frog, up to 12cm or more in SVL. The skin in extremely granular and rough with many scattered, small to large, many interrupted predominant horny ridges of skin running down the back and upper surface. Underside white. The body is brown to greenish gray above with scattered dark spots on the back and legs. The tips of fingers are pointed. The tympanum is large. It can be easily distinguished from Fejervarya limnocharis by much larger size and with broad triangular head.

Author(s): Lue,Kuang-Yang Creative Commons: by-nc

Taxon Biology

Found predominantly in rice paddy, ditches and ponds. Even in highly disturbed areas. It breeds in spring to early summer. This was an important edible frog soled at markets. The population declined tremendously in last 30 years. The widely application of pesticide was suspect as the main cuplit.

Author(s): Lue,Kuang-Yang Creative Commons: by-nc

Ecology and Distribution


Myanmar and southern China (north to Hubei and Hainan) to Thailand and peninsular Malaysia; introduced in Borneo (Sabah, Malaysia). Taiwan.


It is a very common species in cultivated lands at low elevations.

Author(s): Lue,Kuang-Yang Creative Commons: by-nc


  • Rana rugulosa Wiegmann, 1834, in Meyen (ed.), Reise in die Erde K. Preuss. Seehandl., 3(Zool.): 508. (synonym)
  • Hydrostentor pantherinus Steindachner, 1867, Reise Osterreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool.: 18. (synonym)
  • Rana (Euphlyctis) rugulosa — Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 240. (synonym)
  • Tigrina rugulosa — Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 145. (synonym)
  • Hoplobatrachus rugulosus — Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 315. (synonym)
  • Hoplobatrachus chinensis — Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 467.r> (synonym)